COMMON CANINE MEDICATIONS
Over the years at one time or
another, my dogs have had to be put on various types of medication for different
ailments. Whether a bacterial
infection or just an upset stomach, I have become familiar with many of the more
“commonly” prescribed medications. This month, I thought it might be helpful
to create a reference chart of sorts, listing a few of the more common canine
medications, sorted by “type” along with a short description of
when and why each might be prescribed.
I have also included the “brand” names of each drug.
They are noted in parenthesis.
(Clavamox/Augmentin) – Used for bacterial infections.
(Antirobe/Cleosin) - Used most often for oral
infections, dental disease, abscesses, deep wounds, and bone infections. It
also kills some protozoa.
(Cephadroxil/Cephalexin/Cephazolin) - Often
prescribed for bacterial infections while waiting for laboratory results.
Cephalexin is a good broad spectrum antibiotic, which means it
is useful in most common and uncomplicated infections. It is especially
useful against staphylococcal infections (most skin infections) and is
commonly used for long (6-8 week courses) against deep skin infections-pyodermas.
(Albon) – Used to treat coccidial infections in many species.
(Vibramycin) – From the tetracycline antibiotic family.
Provides broad anti-bacterial protection by inhibiting bacterial
protein synthesis. Used to treat many tick borne diseases such as Lyme
disease, ehrlichiosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
If there is any thought that your dog has a tick borne disease, THIS
is the drug to use!
(Baytril) – Used to combat different types of infections, especially those
resistant to other antibiotics. Enrofloxacin is also active against Staphylococci,
and thus is commonly used for skin infections.
(Flagyl) - Especially effective against anaerobic infections. In addition,
it has anti-inflammatory properties in the large intestine and is an
effective anti-diarrhea medication. It's also an effective antibiotic
against certain protozoal infections, especially Giardia and
inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
(Tylan) - Used for its anti-inflammatory properties in the large
intestine rather than for its ability to fight infection.
An effective anti-diarrhea medication.
Also used in the treatment of SIBO (Small Intestine Bacterial
(Nizoral) – Interferes with the structure of the fungal cell wall.
Depending on the fungus and the dose used, ketoconazole may kill the fungus
or just inhibit its ability to reproduce. Used to treat: Ringworm,
Malassezia Dermatitis, Aspergillosis, Cryptococcosis, Valley Fever,
Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis. It
is also sometimes used to treat Cushing’s Disease, as it can block the
synthesis of cortisone in the adrenal gland.
(Rimadyl) - A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
(NSAID), used for the relief of pain and inflammation associated with
osteoarthritis, including hip dysplasia. It is also approved for the control
of postoperative pain associated with soft tissue and orthopedic surgeries.
(Deramaxx) – Another non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), used for the relief of pain and inflammation
associated with osteoarthritis, including hip dysplasia. It is also approved
for the control of postoperative pain associated with soft tissue and
Meloxicam (Metacam, Mobic) - A non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to reduce the inflammation and pain of joint
diseases and muscle injuries in dogs. It also aids in reducing fever.
Tramadol (Ultram) - Used to treat post-operative and/or chronic (e.g.
cancer-related) pain in dogs.
Clorpheniramine (Clor-trimeton) -
Used to control itching in animals with allergies. It may also be used as a mild
Clemastine (Tavist, Antihist-1) -
Used to control itching in animals with atopy or other allergies. (Atopy is an
allergy to something that is inhaled, such as pollen or house dust; also called
Dyphenhydramine (Benedryl) - Used
for the treatment of allergies and atopy, primarily to stop itching.
Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril) -
Used to control itching in animals with atopy or other allergies.
Famotidine (Pepcid) – Famotidine
is in a class of drugs called H2 receptor antagonists.
It is used to decrease the amount of stomach acid procuded.
This aids in the treatment of ulcers that are present and helps prevent
ulcer formation. It is also used in
the treatment of gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), esophagitis
(inflammation of the esophagus), and gastric or esophageal reflux.
It may be used to prevent stomach or duodenal ulcers in animals with
Sucralfate (Carafate) – An
antiulcer medication which coats ulcers in the digestive system and protects
them from further damage as a result of stomach acid.
It is used in the treatment of ulcers of the esophagus, stomach, or small
intestine. It may prevent ulcers in
animals taking aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Loperamide (Immodium, Kaopectate)
– Loperamide is used in the treatment of diarrhea and gastric upset in dogs.
Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto
Bismol) – Used to treat mild vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.
Metoclopromide (Reglan) -
Metoclopramide is used to prevent vomiting and esophageal reflux (stomach acid
backing up into the esophagus) in many animal species.
drug influences the emetic or vomiting center of the brain to suppress nausea,
and it works locally on smooth muscle in the stomach to promote coordinated
contractions and to help empty contents into the small intestine. Many
irritative or inflammatory conditions of the stomach are associated with poor
motility, which may be improved by metoclopramide. In addition, the drug may aid
some pets with gastroesophageal reflux as it acts to tighten the connection or
sphincter between the esophagus and stomach and to relax the sphincter.
Until next time, remember….Life isn’t about
avoiding storms, life is about learning how to dance in the rain!
- Author Unknown –
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