COMMON CANINE MEDICATIONS

Over the years at one time or another, my dogs have had to be put on various types of medication for different ailments.  Whether a bacterial infection or just an upset stomach, I have become familiar with many of the more “commonly” prescribed medications. This month, I thought it might be helpful to create a reference chart of sorts, listing a few of the more common canine medications, sorted by “type” along with a short description of  when and why each might be prescribed.  I have also included the “brand” names of each drug.  They are noted in parenthesis. 

ANTIBIOTICS

FUNGAL MEDICATION:

ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES/PAIN

·        Meloxicam (Metacam, Mobic) - A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to reduce the inflammation and pain of joint diseases and muscle injuries in dogs. It also aids in reducing fever.

·        Tramadol (Ultram) - Used to treat post-operative and/or chronic (e.g. cancer-related) pain in dogs.

ANTIHISTAMINES

·        Clorpheniramine (Clor-trimeton) - Used to control itching in animals with allergies. It may also be used as a mild sedative.

·        Clemastine (Tavist, Antihist-1) - Used to control itching in animals with atopy or other allergies. (Atopy is an allergy to something that is inhaled, such as pollen or house dust; also called 'inhalant allergy.')

·        Dyphenhydramine (Benedryl) - Used for the treatment of allergies and atopy, primarily to stop itching.

·        Hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril) - Used to control itching in animals with atopy or other allergies.

GASTRIC UPSETS

·        Famotidine (Pepcid) – Famotidine is in a class of drugs called H2 receptor antagonists.  It is used to decrease the amount of stomach acid procuded.  This aids in the treatment of ulcers that are present and helps prevent ulcer formation.  It is also used in the treatment of gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), and gastric or esophageal reflux.  It may be used to prevent stomach or duodenal ulcers in animals with kidney failure.

·        Sucralfate (Carafate) – An antiulcer medication which coats ulcers in the digestive system and protects them from further damage as a result of stomach acid.  It is used in the treatment of ulcers of the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine.  It may prevent ulcers in animals taking aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

·        Loperamide (Immodium, Kaopectate) – Loperamide is used in the treatment of diarrhea and gastric upset in dogs.

·        Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol) – Used to treat mild vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.

·        Metoclopromide (Reglan) - Metoclopramide is used to prevent vomiting and esophageal reflux (stomach acid backing up into the esophagus) in many animal species.  This drug influences the emetic or vomiting center of the brain to suppress nausea, and it works locally on smooth muscle in the stomach to promote coordinated contractions and to help empty contents into the small intestine. Many irritative or inflammatory conditions of the stomach are associated with poor motility, which may be improved by metoclopramide. In addition, the drug may aid some pets with gastroesophageal reflux as it acts to tighten the connection or sphincter between the esophagus and stomach and to relax the sphincter.

Until next time, remember….Life isn’t about avoiding storms, life is about learning how to dance in the rain!  - Author Unknown –

As always, I cam be reached at:  Goodheart@telstar-online.net

Medical Reference:  http://www.thepetcenter.com/

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